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## Activated Sludge Calculations with Excel

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Civil, Mechanical, Chemical, and Environmental Engineers |

Experience Level |
Course ID |
PDH Credits |
Author |

Overview |
HB-207 |
2 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**Course Description:**

The activated sludge process is very widely used for biological wastewater treatment. This course includes background on biological wastewater treatment, a general description of the activated sludge process, information about several variations of the activated sludge process, discussion of design calculations for an activated sludge aeration tank, and discussion of activated sludge operational calculations. This course includes an Excel spreadsheet for making activated sludge design and operational calculations. Example calculations and examples using the course spreadsheet for making the calculations are also included.

**Course Outline:**

1.
Biochemical Oxygen Demand as a
cause of Water Pollution

2.
Activated Sludge Background

3.
Activated Sludge Process
Variations

4.
Activated Sludge Parameters

5.
Activated Sludge Design
Calculations

6.
Activated Sludge Operational
Calculations

7.
Explanation of Equations for Q_{w}
and Q_{r}

8.
Summary

9.
References

**Learning
Objectives:**

At the conclusion of this course, the student
will:

- Be able to recall correctly the equation for biological oxidation and how it fits into the organic carbon cycle.
- Be able to recall correctly the equation for photosynthesis and how it fits into the organic carbon cycle.
- Be able to describe the components of an activated sludge wastewater treatment system.
- Be able to describe the differences between extended aeration and conventional activated sludge system.
- Be able to describe the differences between a contact stabilization and conventional activated sludge system.
- Be able to calculate required aeration tank volume (in U.S. units) for a specified volumetric loading, hydraulic residence time, or aeration tank F: M ratio, if given suitable aeration tank influent and aeration tank parameter information.
- Be able to calculate required aeration tank volume (in S.I. units) for a specified volumetric loading, hydraulic residence time, or aeration tank F: M ratio, if given suitable aeration tank influent and aeration tank parameter information.
- Be able to calculate the required activated sludge recycle flow rate, waste activated sludge flow rate, and aeration tank F: M ratio, if given suitable wastewater stream and aeration tank information along with the desired value for sludge retention time.
- Be able to use the course spreadsheet for making
activated sludge design and operational
calculations.

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*

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## Basics of Passive Solar Heating

Instructional Method | Advanced Preperation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Mechanical, Electrical, Chemical, and Energy Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-201 |
4 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**Course Description:**

The principles of passive solar heating, such as basic types of systems, their description, and the components making up any passive system are presented in this course. Sources of data for heating requirements and available solar radiation throughout the U.S are identified and discussed along with a method for estimating the rate of heat loss from a home. The use of these three inputs in a method for estimating the performance of a passive heating system of the specified size at a specified location is presented. The data retrieval and calculations are illustrated with numerous examples.

**Course
Outline:**

1.
Passive
Solar Heating Definition

2.
Components
of a Passive Solar Heating System

3.
Basic
Passive Solar Heating System Types

4. Inputs Needed to Estimate Size/Performance of a Passive Solar Heating System

5.
Size and Performance Calculations
for a Passive Solar System

6.
Choice of the Type(s) of Passive
Solar Systems to Use

7.
Sizing Solar Storage

8.
Controls – Summer Shading of
Passive Solar Glazing

9.
Construction Details

10. A website for worldwide solar insolation data

11. Related Links and References

**Learning Objectives:**

At the conclusion of this course, the student will:

- Be able to name the six components which typically make up a passive solar heating system.
- Be able to name five basic types of passive solar heating systems.
- Be able to describe the differences between daytime and nighttime operation of direct gain passive solar heating systems.
- Be able to describe the differences between daytime and nighttime operation of indirect gain passive solar heating systems.
- Be able to obtain and interpret data for solar radiation rate on vertical and horizontal surfaces of buildings at any of the 239 locations in the NREL database.
- Be able to obtain and interpret data for heating degree days at any of the 239 locations in the NREL database.
- Be able to estimate the rate of heat loss (Btu/of-day/ft2) from a building if one year’s monthly power bills for the building are available.
- Be able to estimate the monthly percentage of a buildings heating requirement provided by a given size passive solar heating system at a given location in the U.S., with a specified rate of heat loss from the building (Btu/of-day/ft2).
- Be able to estimate the quantity of thermal storage needed for a passive solar heating system with a specified area of glazing.

*
*

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## Biofuels Basic

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Energy, Civil, Chemical, Environmental, Mechanical, and Industrial Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-208 |
3 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**Course Highlights:**

Biofuels include ethanol from grain or sugar, diesel fuel from soybeans, ethanol from cellulosic feedstock, and several other feedstock/fuel combinations. This course provides information about the Biomass Research and Development Board’s seven-point Action Plan for the development of biofuels. There is also information about and comparison among the wide variety of possible biofuels, with the greatest emphasis on those either already in commercial production or close to commercial production capability. There’s detail about the production of ethanol from cellulosic feedstocks, which still needs some development work, but has great near-term potential. Finally, there is information about switchgrass, which has great potential as a crop to be used as a cellulosic feedstock for ethanol production.

**Course
Outline:**

1.
Current
National Fuel Challenges

2.
Board
Action Area 1: Sustainability

3.
Board
Action Area 2: Feedstock Production

4.
Board
Action Area 3: Feedstock Logistics

5.
Board
Action Area 4: Conversion Science and Technology

6.
Board
Action Area 5: Distribution Infrastructure

7.
Board
Action Area 6: Blending

8.
Board
Action Area 7: Environment, Health & Safety

9.
Moving
Forward

**Learning Objectives:**

Upon successful completion of the course, the student should be able to:

- Identify the basic concepts of biofuel technology.
- Determine the production processes involved in converting biomass to biofuel.
- Select between the comparative features of nine different feedstock/fuel combinations.
- Outline the plan of action for the multi-agency R&D board for biofuel development.
- Research advances and future goals for producing cellulosic ethanol biofuel.
- Determine the dynamics involved in developing switchgrass biomass into biofuel.

*
*

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## Calculation of Gas Density and Viscosity

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None |
Chemical, Mechanical and Environmental Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-225 |
3 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, PH.D., P.E. |

**Course Highlights:**

The density and/or viscosity of a gas is often needed for some other calculation, such as pipe flow or heat exchanger calculations. This course contains a discussion and an example calculation of the density and viscosity
of a specific gas at a given temperature and pressure.

**Learning Objectives:**

- Be able to calculate the density of a gas of known molecular weight at a specified temperature and pressure at which the gas can be treated as an ideal gas.
- Be able to calculate the compressibility factor for gas at a specified temperature and pressure, using the Redlich-Kwong equation, if the molecular weight, critical temperature and critical pressure of the gas are known.
- Be able to calculate the density of a gas at a specified temperature and pressure for which the gas cannot be treated as an ideal gas, if the molecular weight, critical temperature and critical pressure of the gas are known.
- Be able to calculate the viscosity of a gas at a specified temperature if the Sutherland constant for the gas is known and the viscosity of the gas at a suitable reference temperature is known.
- Be able to calculate the viscosity of air at specified air temperature and pressure.
- Be able to make all of the calculations described in these learning objectives using either U.S. or S.I. units.
- If the gas temperature is high relative to its critical temperature and the gas pressure is low relative to its critical pressure, then it can be treated as an ideal gas and its density can be calculated at a specified temperature and pressure using the ideal gas law.

*
*

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## Centrifugal and Positive Displacement Pump Basics

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Civil, Mechanical, Chemical, Environmental, and Industrial Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-211 |
3 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**Course Highlights:**

The pumps widely used in industry, and by commercial buildings and municipalities, can almost all be classified as either centrifugal pumps or positive displacement pumps. The general components and operating characteristics of these two types of pumps are covered in this course, along with a discussion of corrective and preventive measures for various pumping problems.

This course is intended for Mechanical, Industrial, Civil, Chemical, and Environmental Engineers. An attendee of this course will gain basic knowledge about centrifugal and positive displacement pumps.

**Course Outline:**

1. CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS

2. CENTRIFUGAL PUMP OPERATION

3. POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS

**Learning Objectives:**

Upon successful completion of the course, the student should be able to:

- Describe the functions of the following centrifugal pump components: impeller, volute, diffuser, packing, lantern ring, and wearing ring.
- Determine the causes, symptoms and corrective measures for cavitation in a centrifugal pump.
- Identify the meaning of and measures to prevent gas binding, deadheading, and pump runout for centrifugal pumps.
- Describe the differences in operating characteristics between centrifugal and positive displacement pumps.
- Define the general nature of operating curves for centrifugal and positive displacement pumps.
- Outline the meaning of the term slippage as applied to positive displacement pumps.
- Compare the different types of positive displacement pumps.
- Explain how positive displacement pumps are protected against over pressurization.

*
*

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## An Introduction to Drainage Pipe Strength, Cover, and Bedding

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Civil, Mechanical, Chemical, Environmental, and Industrial Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
PG-117 |
3 |
J. Paul Guyer, P.E., R.A. |

**Course Description:**

This course introduces drainage pipe strength, cover, and bedding. A drainage pipe is defined as a structure (other than a bridge) to convey water through a trench or under a fill or some other obstruction. Materials for permanent-type installations include non-reinforced concrete, reinforced concrete, corrugated steel, asbestos-cement, clay, corrugated aluminum alloy, and structural plate steel pipe.

**Course
Outline:**

1.
INTRODUCTION

2.
SELECTION
OF TYPE OF PIPE

3.
SELECTION
OF N VALUES

4.
RESTRICTED
USE OF BITUMINOUS-COATED PIPE

5.
MINIMUM
COVER

6.
CLASSES
OF BEDDING AND INSTALLATION

7.
STRENGTH
OF PIPE

8.
RIGID
PIPE

9.
FLEXIBLE
PIPE

10.
BEDDING
OF PIPE (CULVERTS AND STORM DRAINS)** ****Learning
Objectives:**

Upon successful
completion of the course, the student should be able to:

- Identify the strength and functional characteristics of different types of drainage pipe available commercially.
- Select the guidelines needed for the appropriate coefficient of roughness (“n”) for different types of drainage pipe.
- List all the minimum cover recommendations for different types of drainage pipe.
- Determine the maximum cover recommendations to avoid the possibility of crushing underground pipe and conduits.
- Select the appropriate different classes of bedding for underground pipe and conduits.
- Compare and contrast strength properties of the rigid and flexible conduit and pipe materials needed for bedding for culverts and storm drains.

**Benefit for Attendee:**

This course will give Civil Engineers and other Design and Construction Professionals an introduction to the strengths and limitations of different types of underground drainage pipe and conduit, and cover and bedding.

*
*

**Energy Storage for
Solar and Wind Power**** **

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Mechanical, Electrical, Chemical, and Energy Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
MR-110 |
4 | Mark P. Rossow, P.E., Ph.D. |

**Course Description:**

Wind and solar energy are intermittent sources of energy: the wind does not blow continuously nor does the sun always shine. If wind and solar power are ever to provide a significant portion of national energy use, devices are required that store the energy as it is generated and distribute the energy as it is needed. This course describes a number of such devices. The three most promising technologies are singled out for detailed study: pumped storage hydropower (PSH), compressed-air energy storage (CAES), and high-energy batteries. Issues of performance, site availability, costs, environmental impacts, the need for additional transmission lines, market development, and regulation are discussed.**Course Outline:**

1. INTRODUCTION

2. TECHNOLOGY CHARACTERIZATION

3. RESOURCE COST CURVES

4. BATTERIES

5. PUMPED-STORAGE HYDROPOWER

6. COMPRESSED-AIR ENERGY STORAGE

7. DEPLOYMENT IN RENEWABLE ENERGY FUTURES SCENARIOS

8. LARGE-SCALE PRODUCTION AND DEPLOYMENT ISSUES

9. ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS

10. SITING AND ENVIRONMENTAL BARRIERS

11. CONCLUSIONS**Learning Objectives:**

Upon completion of this course, a course participant will be able to:

- Define characteristics of batteries, PSH, CAES, flywheels, capacitors, superconducting magnetic energy storage, vehicle-to-grid, and hydrogen energy storage.
- Evaluate the cost and performance of PSH, CAES, and high-energy batteries.
- Describe site availability for PSH and CAES installations.
- List environmental and social impacts (land and water use, greenhouse gas emissions).
- Identify market and regulatory barriers to storage deployment.

**Benefit for Attendee:**

This course will give Engineers concerned with the development of alternative energy technologies for electrical generation an introduction to the technology of storing energy produced by solar and wind power generation.

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*
*

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## Flow Measurement in Pipes and Ducts

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Mechanical, Civil, Chemical, Environmental, and Industrial Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-202 |
4 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**(DISCLAIMER: This Course is not acceptable in NYS for CE credit)****Course Description:**

This course is about the measurement of the flow rate of a fluid flowing under pressure in a closed conduit. The closed conduit is often circular, but also may be square or rectangular (such as a heating duct) or any other shape. The other major category of flow is open channel flow, which is the flow of a liquid with a free surface open to atmospheric pressure. Measurement of the flow rate of a fluid flowing under pressure is carried out for a variety of purposes, such as billing for water supply to homes or businesses or, for monitoring or process control of a wide variety of industrial processes, which involve flowing fluids. Several categories of pipe flow measurement devices will be described and discussed, including some associated calculations.

This course is intended primarily for Mechanical, Civil and Chemical, Environmental, and Industrial Engineers. Someone completing this course will gain knowledge about twelve different types of meters for measuring the fluid flow rate in a closed conduit. They will learn about typical calculations for differential pressure meters and pitot tubes. They will learn the general principles of operation for each type and the general advantages and disadvantages of each.

**Learning Objectives:**

At the conclusion of this course, the student will:

- Be able to calculate flow rate from measured pressure difference, fluid properties, and meter parameters, using the provided liquid flow equations for venturi, orifice, and flow nozzle meters.
- Be able to calculate the flow rate from measured pressure difference, fluid properties, and meter parameters, using the provided gas flow equations for venturi, orifice, and flow nozzle meters.
- Be able to determine which type of ISO standard pressure tap locations are being used for a given orifice meter.
- Be able to calculate the orifice coefficient, Co, for specified orifice and pipe diameters, pressure tap locations and fluid properties.
- Be able to estimate the density of a specified gas at a specified temperature and pressure using the Ideal Gas Equation.
- Be able to calculate the velocity of fluid for given pitot tube reading and fluid density.
- Determine the general configuration and principle of operation of rotameters and positive displacement, electromagnetic, target, turbine, vortex, ultrasonic, Coriolis mass flow, and thermal mass flow meters.
- Identify the general characteristics of the types of flowmeters discussed in this course, as summarized in Table 2 of the course content.

*
*

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## Hazardous Waste Identification

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Environmental, Civil, and Chemical Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-217 |
3 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**Course Highlights:**

Can you determine whether a given waste is a hazardous waste regulated by EPA under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)? This course covers a very organized approach to answering just that question, starting with determining whether your waste is considered a "solid waste" under the RCRA regulations and moving on to determining if it fits one of the RCRA requirements for being a hazardous waste. This course is intended primarily for Environmental, Civil, and Chemical Engineers. Someone completing this course will gain knowledge about procedures for determining whether a given waste is an RCRA hazardous waste.

**Course
Outline:**

1. INTRODUCTION

2.
REGULATORY OVERVIEW

3.
REGULATORY DEVELOPMENTS

**Learning
Objectives:**

Upon successful completion
of the course, the student should be able to:

- Outline the fundamentals of the hazardous waste identification process.
- Define the definition of the term " solid waste" as used by RCRA.
- Define the definition of hazardous waste.
- Describe how to identify listed hazardous wastes.
- Describe how to identify characteristic hazardous wastes.
- Determine the interpretation of the 'mixture' and 'derived-from' rules.
- Determine the interpretation of the 'contained-in' policy.

*
*

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## Leak Detection Methods for Petroleum USTs and Piping

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Petroleum, Chemical, Environmental and Geotechnical Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-213 |
3 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**Course Highlights:**

As of December 1993, all petroleum underground storage tanks (USTs) must have adequate leak detection in place. This course provides information about the following methods that EPA has identified for UST owners and operators to use to meet federal leak detection requirements:

1) Secondary containment with interstitial monitoring,

2) Automatic tank gauging systems (including continuous ATG systems),

3) Vapor monitoring (including tracer compound analysis),

4) Groundwater monitoring,

5) Statistical inventory reconciliation,

6) Other methods of meeting performance standards.

This course is intended for Petroleum, Chemical, Environmental and Geotechnical Engineers, and Civil Engineers. An attendee of this course will gain knowledge about the above six EPA identified methods for meeting federal UST leak detection requirements.

**Course Outline:**

1. An Overview of Leak Detection Requirements

2. Secondary Containment with Interstitial Monitoring

3. Automatic Tank Gauging Systems

4. Vapor Monitoring (Including Tracer Compound Analysis)

5. Groundwater Monitoring

6. Statistical Inventory Reconciliation

7. Tank Tightness Testing with Inventory Control

8. Manual Tank Gauging

9. Leak Detection for Underground Piping

10. Publications and Videos About UST Requirements

11. State Contacts for UST Information

**Learning Objectives:**

Upon successful completion of the course, the student should be able to:

- Outline the general Federal leak detection requirements for petroleum underground storage tanks and piping.
- Explain the secondary containment with interstitial monitoring, as a method for meeting federal petroleum UST leak detection requirements.
- Define automatic tank gauging (including continuous ATG systems), as a method for meeting federal petroleum UST leak detection requirements.
- Define vapor monitoring (including tracer compound analysis), as a method for meeting federal petroleum UST leak detection requirements.
- Define groundwater monitoring, as a method for meeting federal petroleum UST leak detection requirements.
- Define statistical inventory reconciliation, as a method for meeting federal petroleum UST leak detection requirements.
- Determine the performance standards needed for other methods in order to use one of them for meeting federal petroleum UST leak detection requirements.
- Identify the federal leak detections requirements for underground piping and with methods for meeting those requirements.

*
*

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## Manning Equation- Open Channel Flow Using Excel

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Hydraulic, Civil, Chemical, Environmental, and Highway Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-203 |
4 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**(DISCLAIMER: This Course is not acceptable in NYS for CE credit)**

**Course Description:**

The Manning equation is a widely used empirical equation for uniform open channel flow of water. It provides a relationship among several open channel flow parameters of interest: flow rate or average velocity, the bottom slope of the channel, the cross-sectional area of flow, wetted perimeter, and Manning roughness coefficient for the channel. Open channel flow takes place in natural channels like rivers and streams, as well as in manmade channels like those used to transport wastewater and in circular sewers flowing partially full. The main topic of this course is uniform open channel flow, in which the channel slope, water velocity, and water depth remain constant. This includes calculations with the Manning equation and the use of Excel spreadsheets for those calculations.

This course is intended for Hydrologists, Civil Engineers, Hydraulic Engineers, Highway Engineers, and Environmental Engineers. After completing this course, you will have knowledge about the basic nature of flow in open channels and the common ways of classifying open channel flow (laminar or turbulent, steady state or unsteady state, uniform or non-uniform, and critical, subcritical or supercritical). Practice in the use of the Manning equation for a variety of uniform open channel flow calculations will be gained through several worked examples.

**Learning Objectives:**

At the conclusion of this course, the student will:

- Know the differences between laminar & turbulent, steady-state & unsteady state, and uniform & non-uniform open channel flow.
- Be able to calculate the hydraulic radius for the flow of a specified depth in an open channel with specified cross-sectional shape and size.
- Be able to calculate the Reynolds Number for a specified open channel flow and determine whether the flow will be laminar or turbulent flow.
- Be able to use tables such as the examples given in this course to determine a value for the Manning roughness coefficient for flow in a manmade or natural open channel.
- Be able to use the Manning Equation to calculate volumetric flow rate, average velocity, Manning roughness coefficient, or channel bottom slope, if given adequate information about a reach of open channel flow.
- Be able to use the Manning Equation, with an iterative procedure, to calculate normal depth for specified volumetric flow rate, channel bottom slope, channel shape & size, and Manning roughness coefficient for a reach of open channel flow.
- Be able to make Manning Equation calculations in either U.S. units or S.I. units.
- Be able to calculate the Manning roughness coefficient for a natural channel based on descriptive information about the channel.
- Be able to carry out a variety of calculations for full or partially full flow under gravity in a circular pipe.

*
*

## Natural Gas Pipeline Flow Calculations

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None |
Petroleum, Chemical, Environmental and Geotechnical Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-226 |
3 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**Course Highlights:**

Several different equations have been proposed and are in use for natural gas pipeline flow calculations. This course provides information about four of them, the Weymouth Equation, the Panhandle A Equation, the Panhandle B Equation, and the Darcy Weisbach Equation, along with information about the fluid properties needed and their estimation or calculation.

This course is intended for Petroleum Engineers, Chemical Engineers, Geotechnical Engineers, Environmental Engineers, and Civil Engineers. An attendee of this course will gain knowledge about four equations used for natural gas pipeline flow equations and how to use them.

**Learning Objectives:**

At the conclusion of this course, the student will:

- Be familiar with the natural gas properties, density, specific gravity, molecular weight, compressibility factor, and viscosity, and their use in pipeline flow calculations.
- Be able to calculate the compressibility factor for natural gas with specified average gas pressure and temperature and known specific gravity.
- Be able to calculate the viscosity of natural gas with specified average gas pressure and temperature and known specific gravity.
- Be able to obtain a value for the friction factor using the Moody diagram for given Re and e/D.
- Be able to calculate a value for the friction factor for specified Re and e/D, using the appropriate equation for f.
- Be familiar with the guidelines for when it is appropriate to use the Darcy Weisbach equation for natural gas pipeline flow calculations.
- Be able to use the Darcy Weisbach equation and the Moody friction factor equations to calculate the frictional pressure drop for a given flow rate of a specified fluid through a pipe with a known diameter, length, and roughness.
- Be able to use the Weymouth equation to calculate gas flow rate through a pipe with known diameter and length, elevation difference between pipeline inlet and outlet, specified inlet and outlet pressure and enough information to calculate gas properties.
- Be able to use the Panhandle A equation to calculate gas flow rate through a pipe with known diameter and length, elevation difference between pipeline inlet and outlet, specified inlet and outlet pressure and enough information to calculate gas properties.
- Be able to use the Panhandle B equation to calculate gas flow rate through a pipe with known diameter and length, elevation difference between pipeline inlet and outlet, specified inlet and outlet pressure and enough information to calculate gas properties.

* *

*
*

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## Oil and Gas Explorations and Production Technologies

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Petroleum, Chemical, Environmental and Geotechnical Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-212 |
7 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**Course Highlights:**

Advances in oil and gas exploration and production technologies have resulted in numerous economic and environmental benefits. This course provides information in the form of fact sheets for 36 advanced technologies for oil and gas exploration, drilling and completion, production, site restoration, and handling sensitive environments.

This course is intended for, Petroleum, Chemical, Geotechnical, and Environmental Engineers. An attendee of this course will gain knowledge of 36 advanced oil and gas exploration and production technologies.

**Course Outline:**

1. EXPLORATION

2. DRILLING AND COMPLETION

3. PRODUCTION

4. SITE RESTORATION

5. SENSITIVE ENVIRONMENTS

**Learning
Objectives:**

Upon successful
completion of the course, the student should be able to:

- Compare and contrast the four advanced technologies for oil and gas exploration and their economic and environmental benefits.
- Discuss the sixteen advanced technologies for oil and gas drilling and completion and their economic and environmental benefits.
- Discuss the thirteen advanced technologies for oil and gas production and their economic and environmental benefits.
- Determine three advanced technologies for oil and gas drilling and production site restoration.
- Identify the four advanced technologies for oil and gas drilling and production in sensitive environments.

*
*

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## Pipe Flow-Friction Factor Calculations with Excel

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Civil, Mechanical, Chemical, and Environmental Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-206 |
3 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

__(DISCLAIMER: This Course is not acceptable in NYS for CE credit)__

**Course Description:**

Several kinds of pipe flow calculations can be made with the Darcy-Weisbach equation and the Moody friction factor. These calculations can be conveniently carried out with an Excel spreadsheet. Many of the calculations require an iterative solution, so they are especially suitable for an Excel spreadsheet solution. This course includes discussion of the Darcy-Weisbach equation and the parameters in the equation along with the U.S. and S.I. units to be used. Example calculations and sample Excel spreadsheet screenshots for making the calculations are also presented and discussed.

**Learning Objectives:**

At the conclusion of this course, the student will:

- Be able to calculate the Reynolds number for pipe flow with specified flow conditions.
- Be able to determine whether a specified pipe flow is laminar or turbulent flow for specified flow conditions.
- Be able to calculate the entrance length for pipe flow with specified flow conditions.
- Be able to obtain a value for the friction factor using the Moody diagram for given Re and? /D.
- Be able to calculate a value for the friction factor for specified Re and? /D, using the appropriate equation for f.
- Be able to determine a value of the Moody friction factor from the Moody diagram, forgiven the Re and? /D.
- Be able to calculate the value of the Moody friction factor for given Re and? /D, using the Moody friction factor equations.
- Be able to use the Darcy Weisbach equation and the Moody friction factor equations to calculate the frictional head loss and frictional pressure drop for a given flow rate of a specified fluid through a pipe with a known diameter, length, and roughness.
- Be able to use the Darcy Weisbach equation and the Moody friction factor equations to calculate the required diameter for a given flow rate of a specified fluid through a pipe with known length and roughness, with a specified allowable head loss.
- Be able to use the Darcy Weisbach equation and the Moody friction factor equations to calculate the fluid flow rate through a pipe with a known diameter, length, and roughness, with the specified frictional head loss.

*
*

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## Solar Energy Fundamentals

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Mechanical, Electrical, Chemical, Energy Engineers, & Architects |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-204 |
4 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

__(DISCLAIMER: This Course is not acceptable in NYS for CE credit)__

**Course Description:**

Solar energy travels from the sun to the earth in the form of electromagnetic radiation. In this course, the properties of electromagnetic radiation will be discussed and basic calculations for electromagnetic radiation will be described.

After completing this course, you will have basic knowledge about solar electromagnetic radiation, you will be familiar with fundamental solar parameters, you will be able to obtain or calculate values for those parameters and use them in calculations, and you will be able to obtain values for average monthly rate of solar radiation striking the surface of a typical solar collector in the United States for a given month. You will also be prepared to take additional more specialized solar energy courses.

This course is intended for Mechanical, Electrical, Chemical, Energy Engineers, and Architects. It will also be of interest to any Engineers wanting to learn more about the renewable energy field.

**Learning Objectives:**

At the conclusion of this course, the student will:

- Be able to compare the different types of electromagnetic radiation and which of them are included in the solar radiation.
- Be able to calculate wavelength if given frequency and frequency if given wavelength for specified electromagnetic radiation.
- Be able to Describe the meaning of absorbance, reflectance, and transmittance as applied to a surface receiving electromagnetic radiation and be able to make calculations with those parameters.
- Be able to obtain or calculate values for solar declination, solar hour angle, solar altitude angle, sunrise angle, and sunset angle and use them in calculations.
- Be able to determine the major methods by which solar radiation is converted into other usable forms of energy.
- Be able to obtain an estimated value for monthly averaged extraterrestrial radiation on a horizontal surface for a specified month and latitude between 20 and 65 degrees.
- Be able to obtain values for the average monthly rate of solar radiation striking the surface of a solar collector with one of several standard tilt angles at a specified location in the United States for a given month.
- Be able to retrieve solar radiation and meteorology data from any location in the world using the NASA/Langley website discussed in the course.

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## Solid and Hazardous Waste Exclusion

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Environmental, Civil, and Chemical Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-216 |
3 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**Course Highlights:**

In determining whether a given waste is regulated by RCRA, the second step after determining that the waste fits the RCRA definition as solid waste is to determine whether the waste is specifically excluded from the RCRA regulations. Learn about those exclusions in this course. This course is intended primarily for Environmental, Civil, and Chemical Engineers. Someone completing this course will gain knowledge about wastes specifically excluded from RCRA regulations.

**Course Outline:**

1. INTRODUCTION

2. REGULATORY SUMMARY

3. SPECIAL ISSUES

4. REGULATORY DEVELOPMENTS

**Learning Objectives:**

Upon successful completion of the course, the student should be able to:

- Identify with the 19 solid waste exclusions.
- Outline the 17 hazardous waste exclusions.
- Sort into groups the exclusions for raw material, product and process unit wastes.
- Describe the sample and treatability study exclusions.
- Identify the dredged material exclusion.
- Select between the special issues associated with hazardous waste exclusions.

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## Stream Restoration

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None | Civil, Mechanical, Chemical, Environmental, and Industrial Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-215 |
8 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, Ph.D., P.E. |

**Course Highlights:**

A natural stream channel remains stable over a wide range of flows, typically accumulating sediment during low flow periods and carrying sediment downstream during high flow periods. Changes to the channel, vegetation, floodplain, flow or sediment supply may affect the equilibrium and cause the stream channel to become unstable. This course covers procedures for evaluating the stability of a stream channel reach and planning and design for restoration of an unstable stream channel reach to bring it back into a stable condition. Someone completing this course will gain knowledge about stream channel evaluation and stream channel restoration procedures.

**Course Outline:**

1. Introduction to Fluvial Processes

2. Stream Assessment and Survey Procedures/Rosgen Stream-Classification Systems

3. Channel Assessment and Validation Procedures

4. Bankfull Verification and Gage Station Analyses

5. Priority Options for Restoring Incised Streams

6. Reference Reach Survey

7. Design Procedures

8. Structures

9. Vegetation Stabilization and Riparian-Buffer Re-establishment

10. Erosion and Sediment-Control Plan

11. Flood Studies

12. Restoration Evaluation and Monitoring

13. References and Resources

**Learning Objectives:**

Upon successful completion of the course, the student should be able to:

- Describe fluvial processes.
- Describe stream assessment and survey procedures.
- Compare the Rosgen stream classification systems.
- Determine the tank-full verification and gage station analyses.
- Prioritize options for restoring incised streams.
- Select between reference reach surveys.
- Describe the structures for stream restoration.
- Identify Riparian-buffer re-establishment Erosion and sediment control plans.
- Delineate the restoration evaluation and monitoring process.

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### Valve Fundamentals

Instructional Method | Advanced Preparation | Program Prerequisites | Course Intended For: |
---|---|---|---|

Self-Study | None | None |
Civil, Mechanical, Chemical, Environmental, & Industrial Engineers |

Experience Level | Course ID | PDH Credits | Author |

Overview |
HB-210 |
4 |
Harlan H. Bengtson, PH.D., P.E. |

**(DISCLAIMER: This Course is not acceptable in NYS for CE credit)**

**Course Highlights:**

Valves are widely used in fluid piping systems to shut off or throttle flow, as well as to prevent backflow, reduce pressure or relieve pressure. This course provides information about the basic components of a valve and their function. There is also information about each of the types of valves in common use, the globe, gate, plug, ball, needle, butterfly, diaphragm, pinch, check, safety/relief, and reducing valve. There is a general description of each and relative advantages and disadvantages in comparison with other types of valves.

This course is intended for Civil, Mechanical, Chemical, Environmental and Industrial Engineers, as well as anyone who works with fluids flowing in pipes. An attendee of this course will gain knowledge about the basic types of valves and their use.

**Learning Objectives:**

Upon successful completion of the course, the student should be able to:

- Identify the basic components of a valve and their function, including the body, bonnet, stem, actuator, packing, seat, and disk.
- Outline the basic functions of a valve.
- Sort into groups the gate, globe, plug, ball, needle, butterfly, diaphragm and pinch valves, including their use for shutoff and throttling, and the construction, operation, and relative advantages and disadvantages of each.
- Describe the general construction and operation of the different types of check valves, including swing, tilting disk, lift, piston, butterfly, and stop check valves.
- Describe the general construction and operation of reducing valves.
- Identify the general construction and operation of safety and relief valves, and the differences between them.
- Outline the construction and principle of operation of manual, electric motor, pneumatic, hydraulic, and solenoid valve actuators.

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